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Restrictive Clauses

Using Restrictive Clauses

Restrictive Clauses

Restrictive Clauses             

Play the quick video lesson HERE and click the upper left back arrow to return to this lesson.          

Common Core Language Standard 1

To understand restrictive clauses, we have to understand what restrict means and why a restrictive clause can only be a dependent clause. To restrict means to keep within certain limits or to not allow beyond a certain area. In grammar we mean that the words and meaning are limited within the clause. In other words no other additional words or meaning beyond the basic meaning of that clause are permitted. Because the clause is restrictive, it needs something to restrict. It needs to connect to an independent clause (a noun and a connected verb expressing a complete thought). The restrictive clause is dependent upon that independent clause, so it is a dependent clause.

Today’s grammar and usage lesson is on restrictive clauses. Remember that a nonrestrictive clause begins with the relative pronouns who, whom, whose,and which, but not that.

Now let’s read the grammar and usage lesson and study the examples.

Restrictive relative clauses serve as adjectives following a noun to limit, restrict, or define the meaning of that noun. The clause could not be removed without affecting the basic meaning of the sentence. A restrictive relative clause begins with the relative pronouns who, whom, whose,and that, but not which. The who refers to a specific person or group of people. The that refers to things or people in general. Restrictive relative clauses are not set off by commas. Example: The boy who gave me water left the book that I needed for class.

Now circle or highlight what is right and revise what is wrong according to grammar and usage lesson.

Practice: The man which is working outside keeps a garden, that feeds the entire neighborhood.

Let’s check the Practice Answers.

Pennington Publishing's Grammar, Usage, Mechanics, Spelling, and Vocabulary (Teaching the Language Strand) Grades 4-8 Programs

Grammar, Usage, Mechanics, Spelling, and Vocabulary (Teaching the Language Strand) Grades 4-8 Programs

Grammar and Usage Practice Answers: The man who is working outside keeps a garden that feeds the entire neighborhood.

Now let’s apply what we have learned. 

Writing Application: Write your own sentence using a restrictive relative clause at the end of the sentence.

This writing opener is part of a comprehensive language conventions lesson from the Grammar, Usage, Mechanics, Spelling, and Vocabulary (Teaching the Language Strand)  Grades 4‒8 programs. Complete descriptions, instructional scopes and sequences, introductory video, previews, and two-week test drives of the grade-level teacher guides and student workbooks are available here.

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