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The “able” Spelling Rule

“able” Spellings


Common Core Language Standard: L.8.2c*

Pre-teaching: The “able” and “ible” suffixes are frequently confused by spellers. Both suffixes generally sound the same with the vowel taking the nasal short /ŭ/ schwa sound.

Definitions and Examples: End a word with “able” if the root before has a hard /c/ or /g/ sound (despicable, navigable), after a complete root word (teachable), or after a silent e (likeable).

Of course… What would a spelling rule be without a few exceptions?

collapsible, contemptible, irresistible, memorable, portable, probable, capable

Spelling Rule Song: (to the tune of “John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt”)

Base words add “able” to the end,

John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt,

As do word parts,

That’s my name, too.

That end in silent e

Whenever we go out-

Or with hard c or g

The people always shout,

But for all others add “i-b-l-e”.

Saying, “John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt.”

Check out the spelling song: The “able” or “ible” Spelling Rule

Practice: What’s right and what’s wrong according to the rule? Every applicable rule has been applied to eligable and agreeable citizens. The changable nature of our laws can be frustrating.

Formative Assessment Dictation: His likeable and huggable granddaughter felt comfortable in his home and invincible on the volleyball court.

Related Language Standards: The Vulgar “a” Spelling

*Suggested Grade Level

The author of this article, Mark Pennington, has written the assessment-based Grammar, Mechanics, Spelling, and Vocabulary (Teaching the Language Strand) Grades 4-8 programs to teach the
Common Core grammar, usage, mechanics, spelling, and vocabulary Standards. Diagnostic assessments and targeted worksheets help your students catch up while they keep up with rigorous grade-level direct instruction.

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  1. June 30th, 2018 at 05:43 | #1


    Would be interested in the qualifications and experience of the diagnostician. Think you’ll be interested in my article, “Dyslexia Is Not Real.” http://blog.penningtonpublishing.com/reading/dyslexia-is-not-real/
    No, the Common Core does not address this purported issue.
    The diagnostician is probably right about phonics deficits. Suggest you double-check with my phonemic awareness and phonics assesments (free) at http://blog.penningtonpublishing.com/reading/pennington-publishing-elareading-assessments/
    As for what to do at home… Teach to the assessment data with this Pennington Publishing resource: Teaching Reading Strategies https://penningtonpublishing.com/collections/reading/products/teaching-reading-strategies-sam-and-friends-phonics-books-bundle
    Flashcards, phonics books, phonics workshops, syllabication, phonemic awareness activities, sight words, fluency, and comprehension practice.Using the easy-to-give assessments will teach you to pinpoint what your child needs to address his issues.

    The training videos will help even the novice teacher or parent teach what needs to be learned.

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