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Phrases and Clauses

Clauses and Phrases

Phrases and Clauses

Phrases and Clauses                 

Play the quick video lesson HERE and click the upper left back arrow to return to this lesson.

Common Core Language Standard 1

To simplify grammar, we could say that it’s all about words, phrases, and clauses and how they fit together in a sentence or paragraph and the order in which they appear. Good writers know how to write, rearrange, and revise phrases and clauses to suit the needs of their writing and engage their readers.

Today’s grammar and usage lesson is on phrases and clauses. Remember that a phrase is a group of related words without a noun and connected verb. A clause is a part of a sentence that has a noun and a connected verb.

Now let’s read the grammar and usage lesson and study the examples.

A phrase is a group of related words without a noun and connected verb. Examples: handsome men (adjectival phrase), had always known (verb phrase), before the flood (prepositional phrase)

A noun and connected verb forms a clause. A clause is either independent or dependent. An independent clause is a sentence or part of a sentence that expresses a complete thought. A dependent clause has a noun and verb, but does not express a complete thought. Examples: Most people enjoy desserts (independent), although not everyone has a sweet tooth (dependent).

Let’s compare noun phrases and noun clauses to see the difference.


Noun Phrase: They wanted new shoes and any pair of shoes was fine with me. 

Noun Clause: Whichever pair of new shoes they wanted was fine with me. 

Now circle or highlight what is right and revise what is wrong according to grammar and usage lesson.

Practice: On the road because the truck rambled to a stop the ambulance had arrived.

Let’s check the Practice Answers.

Grammar and Usage Practice Answers: On the road the truck rambled to a stop because the ambulance had arrived.

Now let’s apply what we have learned. 

Writing Application: Write your own sentences using a phrase, an independent clause, and a dependent clause. 

This writing opener is part of a comprehensive language conventions lesson from the Grammar, Mechanics, Spelling, and Vocabulary   Grades 4‒8 programs.


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